There is an event to display a beautiful doll in Japan when it is March 3 every year, and to celebrate.
The beauty is famous in the world. I want to tell you about “Hina Matsuri” which is such a traditional event of Japan this time in detail.
What’s Hina Matsuri?
Hinamatsuri is a festival for young girls’ performed on March 3 every year and prays for the healthy growth of the girl and is a spring traditional event of Japan which I decorate the beautiful doll “hina ningyo”, and celebrates it.
The Japanese calls Hinamatsuri “momo-no-sekku”.
Though this has power to dispel evil spirits to the peach-tree and celebrates a festival, the peach blossom in a season is attached to the decoration of the doll by deserving to be you.
From this, the Hinamatsuri is called “momo-no-sekku”.
Why is March 3?
In China, malarial air to bring an evil planned to enter in the turn of the season, and it has a custom called Joshi-no-sekku to purify on March 3.
This was handed down to Japan, and a ceremony of Joshi-no-sekku was held for the purpose of expelling the Emperor, and doing it.
This was performed mainly in the Imperial Court (whereabouts of the Emperor) in the Heian period（794-1194） and I patted one’s body with the person type whom I modelled in the trees and plants or paper and moved one’s impurity and was an event to drain it into the water including a river and the sea, and to cleanse. (this is inherited as an event of a race now.)
It infiltrated the society with time and was fixed with March 3 so that a date did not fluctuate when it became in the days of the Muromachi period（1336-1573）.
When did it begin?
It is from the latter half of the Edo period（1596-1865） that it became the festival of a gorgeous woman like the present.
Tokugawa shogunate which performed politics of Japan established joshi-no-sekku in five important annual functions (I call it go-sekku in Japan) in those days.
It was an event carried out without the distinction of the man and woman, but joshi-no-sekku came to settle for this these days as a festival of the girls because I prayed for the growth of a boy born as an inheritor of the houses called tango-no-sekku in go-sekku, and there was an event to pray for the prosperity of the whole families.
In addition, it came to be decorated because beautiful dolls increased because a technique of the puppetry developed when it was these days.
I came to give a trousseau a luxurious doll between the upper classes.
And a thing in imitation of a state and the wedding ceremony tool of the wedding ceremony came to be liked.
Why is it that there are few things that with much number of dolls?
There is that Hinaningyo became the symbol of the financial power of the house in the background.
The beginning was only the Dolls’ Festival of the doll of an emperor and the woman of the doll of the man.
However, because it became a symbol of the financial power, a covered stepped tiered stand for dolls appeared and seemed to decorate second platforms, third platform of …seven platform and the luxurious platform for dolls with red cloth, the doll became gorgeous. . (in the way of excessive overheat, the Edo period gave a ban to limit luxury!)
Such a consciousness disappears in current Japan, and the doll with the platform for dolls becomes rare.
Commentary of dolls
The Japanese general doll expresses the state of the wedding ceremony of the Imperial Court, and there is a post to each doll.
In addition, an expression and the belonging vary when I look well.
I introduce a character except Emperor（Odairisama） and Empress（Ohinasama） here.
-[second platform] … three court ladies (sannin-kanjo),
Court ladies serving the family of the empress.
The left court lady opens the mouth having sake bottle with the liquor.
The right court lady closes the mouth having sake bottle to pour liquor into.
And the central Chief Lady-in-Waiting has a cup drinking sake.
There were manners and customs to shave the eyebrows when I married in old Japan. Because there are not the eyebrows, this central court lady understands that I am married.
-[third platform]five court musicians(gonin-bayashi)
I play the musical accompaniment that is music to use by Noh, Kyougen, Kabuki, entertainment.
It is a boy about 12 years old before holding the ceremony of the old Japanese adult called Genpuku.
I equal small drum, large drum, hand drum, flute, singer and the big order of the sound sequentially from the right.
It is people guarding in the attendants of the emperor. I act with an emperor and may sometimes mediate between the love.
All two of them have a bow and arrow in old men (Sadaijin) who grew a mustache of a youth (Udaijin), the right.
People who do trivial routine duties in the Imperial Court.
Because social position is low, I look full of each.
I have a big umbrella (Tachigasa) used in Kutsudai, the Edo period to ride Daigasa, shoes to use a hat and express a state when I go out.
Or I take a broom, the dust and express a state to clean the Imperial Court with a rake to use to scrape up dead leaves or cereals.
When do you display it?
Because there is the meaning in celebration of coming of spring, Hinamatsuri begins to decorate February 4 when spring begins on a calendar when it was over.
In addition, as for clearing it up, it is said to be the better to put away the next day by about March 21 to be said to be a spring lapel at the latest that I finished the Doll’s Festival.
A superstition to reach a bride, and to be late is whispered when I do not put it away, but does not turn early to clear it up on a humid rainy day at time to be running out of time.
A decoration “was back” backward in such a case Emperor and Empress; understand, “sleep”, and plan to wait until a timing.